Photo by Elvert Barnes/Flickr

Photo by Elvert Barnes/Flickr

Inside the Grassroots Effort to Give Renters More Political Power

An incremental approach to renters’ rights paid a dividend this week.

On Monday, Seattle City Council voted to add voter registration materials to the packet of documents that landlords are required to provide to new tenants, with the goal of increasing renters’ participation in city governance. The bill passed unanimously (three councilmembers were absent). The passage was a small but important step for renter enfranchisement that came a little over a year after some Capitol Hill renters dreamed up the idea.

“I have a friend right now, he has lived in his apartment for a little over a year, and I just asked him ‘Have you changed your voter registration?’” said Zachary DeWolf of the Capitol Hill Community Council. “And he didn’t.” This is a common occurrence, said DeWolf, for renters in a state where voting occurs via mail. Renters move more often than homeowners and therefore have more opportunities to forget to update their address with election authorities.

Last year, DeWolf helped organize and took part in a Renters’ Summit on Capitol Hill where leaders and constituents spitballed ideas for increasing the political influence of renters in Seattle. The summit’s splashiest spitball was to recommend a renters’ commission, which would advise the mayor and council on issues affecting renters that range from new legislation to evaluating the enforcement of existing laws. In March, Council unanimously followed that recommendation.

But another idea was to find ways to increase voter participation among renters. At the summit, former Councilmember Nick Licata pointed to registering residents in low-income housing projects as key to building support for renters’ issues, according to Capitol Hill Seattle.

While adding voter registration materials to new tenant documents may not be as sexy as the renters’ commission, says DeWolf, it moves the needle. “I think the impact is not going to feel as monumental as the renter’s commission, where we have this body that can talk about issues pertaining to our city,” he says, “but really we’re just giving people an easy way to say, ‘Look, just so you know, you moved. It’s a vote-by-mail state. You gotta change your voter registration, so you can get your ballot here, so you can vote and be a part of the civic process.’”

But why bother landlords with voter registration responsibilities?

Because it’s easy and cheap. The voter registration materials, DeWolf notes, will be “in the packet that people are already getting [as new tenants]. So it was kind of a no-brainer when we were coming up with ideas … [For example,] we didn’t want to send out voter registration every month—something that’s going to be an onerous cost on the city or taxpayers. It’s like, ‘How can we use a system that’s already there, leverage that to make this process really easy and not have to have an extra cost?’” Answer: by piggybacking on the existing requirement that landlords hand out other documents to new tenants. “We thought, ‘Why not do something easy that’s already part of the process?’,” says DeWolf.

Renters tend to underrepresent in elections while homeowners overrepresent. This is true both nationally and in Seattle specifically. One way we know this: in Seattle, renters are geographically clustered in the downtown/Capitol Hill area especially, and to a lesser extent in the U District/Wallingford area. Those two areas also happen to be the only locations in Seattle that are designated as voter participation “deserts” by Portland State University’s Who Votes For Mayor? project, which studied the 2013 primary and general elections in Seattle, among other cities. Voter turnout was also low in Rainier Valley, while high voter turnout was concentrated in the waterfront residential areas along Lake Washington and Puget Sound and other affluent areas..

In addition to geography, age is correlated with both voter participation and renter/homeowner status in Seattle. While our population is concentrated among 25 to 34 year olds, Seattle voters age 65 and older “have 7 times greater Election Clout than voters aged 18-34,” according to the WVFM? project. And the skew toward older voters doesn’t just exist between those two poles; the median age of Seattle voters is a decade older (50) than the median age of the overall adult population (40.8). The chart below shows how a Seattleite’s age and likelihood to vote are inversely related across all age cohorts. (The dark bars on the left represent an age cohort’s share of the voting age population, while the light bars on the right indicate its share of people who actually voted.)

In short, when we use either geography or age as a proxy for measuring whether voters are renters or homeowners, the evidence supports the idea that renter are underrepresented in Seattle elections. Whether adding voter registration materials to new tenant documents will mitigate that underrepresentation remains to be seen in coming years. Either way, though, the passage of the bill is a testament to the already-growing political influence of renters in Seattle. DeWolf says it charts a path that could be followed by other renter-friendly legislation.

“Thankfully, we’ve got really great support on the council,” he says, “and so if we keep coming up with ideas, we hope we can use this same coalition to really provide some grassroots ideas.” The question, he says, is “What are some ways that we can make this process easier for people? Because I think people feel disconnected from their own city government, so I hope this will make that a little bit easier.”

This post has been updated.

Talk to us

Please share your story tips by emailing

More in News & Comment

Parents in Kelowna lack confidence in the vaccination (Metro Creative Graphics Photo)
State health department approves Pfizer booster for kids ages 5-11

The move comes as COVID-19 cases are increasing in King County

Monkeypox virus. Photo courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control.
Public health officials confirm case of monkeypox in King County

Health officials say the positive case does not pose a significant risk to public health

Patti Cole-Tindall (Courtesy of King County)
Patti Cole-Tindall is officially confirmed as the new King County Sheriff

After serving as the interim sheriff since January, the King County Council… Continue reading

World War II veterans in Auburn, Wash. File photo
Washington ranks 7th among states for number of World War II veterans

12,364 WWII veterans are living in the state, with a total population of 517,912 military veterans.

Photo of promotional recruitment banner used by Auburn Police Department at Petpalooza. The banner features Auburn Police Officer Jeff Nelson, who is awaiting trial for the 2019 murder and assault of Jesse Sarey. Photo courtesy of Jeff Trimble
Auburn police use photo of embattled officer on recruitment banner

Families of people killed by Jeffrey Nelson, who’s awaiting trial for murder, speak out over use of his photo at Petpalooza.

Use your King County library card to explore the outdoors

KCLS cardholders can check out a Discover Pass for two weeks to explore public lands.

Monkeypox virus. Photo courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control.
King County identifies first presumptive monkeypox case

The illness is not as easily transmitted compared to COVID-19, according to health officer.

This screenshot from Auburn Police Department bodycam footage shows an officer about to fire his weapon and kill dog on May 13, 2022.
Auburn police shoot dog, and owner claims it wasn’t justified

See videos of attack as well as bodycam footage of officer firing at dog.

Most Read